What are drugs?
Drugs are substances of natural or synthetic origin which can alter the emotional state, perception, body functioning or behavior of an organism. Substances that have an action upon the mind, or psyche.
- Decrease/ increase or disrupt brain function
- Changes mood, perceptions, need, consciousness
- Ultimately changes behavior and personality
Drugs that are used in our society are classified into two groups:
- Marijuana (Charas)
- Pain killers
The Drug User: MYTHS
1. People think that abusing drugs is the only way to have fun, it gets you high. Drugs only give you temporary feeling of being high. This temporary feeling leaves you with a long period of feeling ‘down’ where you feel depressed and nauseas, tired and anxious. The best way to get high is to get a natural high. Some of the ways you can do is by engaging in community services, volunteer work, prayers, studies, sports, listening music and walk.
2. Individuals want to be a part of their social group and therefore abuse drugs. True friends never force you to do something you dislike, but they respect your likes and dislikes. So if any one forces you to abuse drugs, then they are not good friends. If they don’t change themselves then leave such friends and find new ones who take part in healthy activities and good habits.
3. Marijuana (Charas) is all right to use because it’s harmless and will not cause addiction. Hashish is a harmful drug and it damages your emotional, mental and behavioral well being. Hashish can cause irritability, aggression, impulsivity, isolation and lack of appetite. It needs treatment and recovery is hard. Excessive use of hashish can lead to drug-induced psychosis
4. People think using drug casually is not a problem until and unless they get addicted to it. Drug abusers get addicted to drugs faster than they think. There are, however, a few drugs whose dependency (physical and psychological) is comparatively faster than other drugs.
5. Individuals think they will not die if they use drugs because they can quit/stop easily. This is a misconception many drug abusers have. There are some drugs, especially when mixed with other drugs, have toxic effects on the users. Some of them faced tragic incidents and even death through overdose.
6. Drugs will provide relief from mental and physical pain. Many people abuse drugs because they feel it is a solution to their problems. Drugs are not a solution to any problem; rather it is a problem itself. It has bad effects on the social, emotional, behavioral and physical well being of an individual.
INDIVIDUAL RISK FACTORS
- Lack of knowledge
- Stress reduction
- Low Self-esteem
- Poor self concept
- Risk-taking behavior
- Personality problem or traits
- Self-defeating behavior
- Physical disable
- Learning problem
- No sense of purpose in life
RISK FACTORS IN THE FAMILY
- Family stress
- Domestic violence
- Extreme poverty
- Ineffective parenting
- Parental alcohol or drug problem
- Conflicts with parents
- Psychological or sexual abuse
RISK FACTORS WITHIN PEER CIRCLES
- Peer drug use
- Peers with negative values
- Peers with personality disorder
- Delinquent peers
- Peers with negative idols
- Extremely hedonistic peers
RISK FACTORS WITHIN SCHOOL SETITNG
- Poor quality school
- Lack of bondage among students
- No models of good achiever
- Poor student management
- Not match of future prospect
- Profit conscious private school
- School compound is infested with bad influence
EFFECTS OF DRUGS ON HUMAN LIFE
Emotional Well Being
- Mood swings
- Criticism towards others
- Acts rebellious
- Sharing few of their personal problems
- Unhappy or depressed
- Overly tired or hyperactive
- Drastic weight loss or gain
Social Well Being
- Loss of interest in family activities
- Disrespect of family rules
- Withdrawal from responsibilities
- Verbally or physically abusive
- Lie about activities.
- Cheats, steals
Physical Well Being
- Constantly stuff or runny nose
- Red eyes
- Coughing and panting.
- Visible black or blue mark on arms and legs
- Slurred Speech o Poor hygiene
- Easily tired or fatigue.
- Staggering gait or sluggish reactions
- Nausea or Vomiting
- Smell of drug on breath.
- Change of friends.
- Change in eating and sleeping patterns.
- Frequently staying out late at night
- Skipping classes or not doing well in class or work
- Keeping secrets regarding his/her actions
- Always in need of extra cash or suddenly having a lot of money
- Increase in use of perfumes, colognes or room fresheners.